I've used this slide many times to describe the future. People have begun to grasp Journey 1, the journey from courses to resources, but still struggle with the journey from resources to apps.

Sometimes they say things like 'but that isn't learning anymore' and they are right - it's learning elimination.

Sometimes they get confused by adaptive learning - which is like having a fax machine in your car, sending you little maps as you go.

We tend to lionise leaders. Over the past few years I've had the opportunity to review a lot of stuff on leadership as we've worked with the Leadership Academy to shape the BP leadership model. From Schein’s ‘Culture & Leadership’ to Kellerman’s ‘The End of Leadership’.

We are such idiots, us thinkers. Babbling on, assuming that thinking makes a difference. Wild ideas compensating for dull lives. TED for the daily commute.

Thinking is like horn on a motor car. We are like a small child sitting in the passenger seat, unable to resist the urge to lean across and honk the horn, convincing ourselves that this is what makes the wheels go round.

If you don’t understand this, then my saying it won’t make much difference.

When I first joined the BBC I was given some sage advice by someone soon to retire:

‘Just remember Nick, nobody ever got fired for not making a decision.’

I have often thought back to that advice.

I see a lot of fear in organisations. And that fear makes people behave badly: arse-covering emails, a culture of blame, failure to speak up, cowardice, selfishness.

Doing nothing becomes the safest thing to do.

Think of learning as friction: in a mechanical system, there are times when friction is tolerated, even desirable - such as a drill bit.

But generally it is a sign that something is wrong, needs fixing - it is a symptom of inefficiency.

And so it is with learning: 'learning' is organisational friction. 30 years ago my first computer was a BBC micro B. It came with a stack of manuals - you needed to learn DOS.

A while back I was reminded (by Donald Clark) of David’s Hume’s use of the term ‘impressions’ in his Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, and of its possible similarity to my use of ‘affective context’ in describing the process by which we learn.

The nature of postmodernism: that there is no truth, only competing stories is now so familiar that it has become cliché.

The postmodern world is a political world, a conversational world, a decidedly European world where reality is resolved through the interplay of perspectives.

So what is Twitter? Twitter is proof that the postmodern world exists at the edge of  plane – that it is the end of an era but not the end of history – the most you can accomplish in two dimensions.

Like many of us, tracking major trends in the following areas: mobile, workforce of one, micro-tasks, big data, automation, text-image, synchronous-asynchronous, networking, augmented reality, squeezed middle.

But there is a meta-trend that governs all these: granularisation. 

Non-linear systems self-organise so as to dissipate energy efficiently.